Madhya Pradesh Assembly Election 2013

Nitu Maurya

For more information, please visit www.empoweringIndia.org

Candidates 2013: There are 2583 candidates contesting the Madhya Pradesh Assembly election 2013 for 230 seats. Among 2583 total candidates, 229 candidates are belonging to BJP, 226 candidates belonging to BSP, 228 candidates belonging to INC and 1096 candidates belonging to IND.

Votes Polled: In 2008 Assembly election, Shiv Raj Singh (BJP) from Budhni constituency won the election with largest vote margin (41,525). On the other hand, Ramcharitra (BJP) from Devsar constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (1).

In 2003 Assembly election, Babulal Gour (BJP) from Govindpura consutitency won the election with largest vote margin (64,212). On the other hand, Bele Sunita (INC) from Amla constituency won the election with lowest vote margin (398).

In 2003 and 2008 assembly elections in Madhya Pradesh, 118 constituencies, reelected representatives of the same party. BJP had retained 102 out of 118 constituencies, and INC had kept their hold on 16 constituencies (See Table 4).

Table: 1 The tally in 2008 Assembly Election

Party

Total Candidates 3179

Average Turn Out (69%)

Total seats 230

BJP

228

37.64%

143

INC

228

32.39%

71

BSP

228

8.97%

7

SP

187

1.99%

1

Other parties

910

10.78%

4

IND

1398

8.23%

3

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Average assets of candidates: The average asset per candidate contesting in the 2013 Madhya Pradesh Assembly Elections is Rs.3.38 crores. Among parties, average asset per candidate for BJP (229 candidates) Rs 4.04 crore; for INC candidates (228) the average is Rs 5.33 crore, and the average assets of BSP candidates (226) is Rs 76.62 lakh in 2013 assembly election.

In 2008, the average Asset per candidate (3179 candidates) in Madhya Pradesh Assembly Elections was Rs. 34.90 lakhs. Among major parties, the average asset per candidate for INC was Rs 1.61 Crores (228 candidates), for BJP was 1.06 Crores (228 candidates), for BSP was 57.29 lakhs (228 candidates), for BJSH was 46.70 lakhs (201 candidates), and for SP was Rs 21 lakhs (187 candidates).

Table:2

Comparison of Average Assets of Candidates in Assembly Elections 2008 and 2013

Party

Number of Candidates, 2008

Average Assets, 2008

Number of Candidates, 2013

Average Assets, 2013

Average% Increase in Asset

BJP

228

1,05,93,923

229

4,04,53,907

282%

INC

228

1,59,88,572

228

5,33,20,237

233%

BSP

228

57,29,256

226

76,62,751

34%

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Average Asset per MLA in 2008 Madhya Pradesh Assembly Elections was Rs. 1.51 crores. Among major parties, the average asset per MLA for INC was 2.55 Crore (71 MLAs), for BJP was 1.12 Crore (143 MLAs), for BSP was 22.34 lakhs (7 MLAs) and for BJSH was 56.79 lakhs (5 MLAs).

49 MLAs of INC and 86 MLAs of BJP re-contesting in Madhya Pradesh Assembly election 2013. Average increase in the assets of 49 re-contesting MLAs of INC between 2008 (1.10 crore) to 2013 (3.89 crore) election is 253% and 235% increase in average assets of 86 re-contesting MLAs of BJP between 2008 (2.93 crore) to 2013 (9.82 crore).

Table: 3 Increase in Average Asset of re-contesting MLAs

Party

Total Number of re-contesting candidates

Average Assets in, 2008 Election

Average Assets in,  2013 Election

Average% Increase in Asset

BJP

86

1,10,54,815

3,89,91,478

253%

INC

49

2,93,54,155

9,82,09,316

235%

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Candidates not declared PAN details: In the Madhya Pradesh 2013 Assembly Elections, 34 out 229 (15%) candidates of BJP, 106 out 226 (47%) candidates of BSP and 42 out of 228 (18%) candidates of INC have not declared their PAN details.

In 2008, 2376 out of 3179 (75%) candidates had not declared their PAN details in their election affidavits filed for state assembly elections. Among the parties, 101 (44%) candidates of BJP, 95 (42%) candidates of INC, 133 (58%) candidates of BSP, and 142 (76%) candidates of SP had not declared PAN details.

Among the MLAs in 2008, 99 out of the 230 (43%) MLAs had not declared their PAN details. Among the parties, 66 (46%) MLAs of BJP, 26 (37%) MLAs of INC, 4 (80%) MLAs of BSP, had not declared PAN details.

Candidates with Criminal Cases: In the Madhya Pradesh 2013 Assembly Elections, 91 (40%) candidates of INC, 61 (27%) candidates from BJP and 54 (24%) candidates from BSP have acknowledged criminal cases in their nomination affidavits.

In the 2008 assembly election, 447 out of 3179 (14%) candidates had acknowledged criminal cases against them. Among the parties, 68 (30 %) candidates of INC, 48 (21%) candidates of BJP, 41 (18%) candidates of BSP, 46 (23%) candidates of BJSH, and 29 (15%) candidates of SP had acknowledged criminal cases.

Among the MLAs, 58 out of 230 (25%) MLAs had acknowledged criminal cases against them. Among the parties, 28 (20%) MLAs of BJP, 24 (34% MLAs) of INC, 3 (43%) MLAs of BSP, 2 (40%) MLAs of BJSH and 1 MLA of SP had criminal cases against them.

Graduate Candidates: In the 2013 Assembly Elections, 59 (26%) candidates of BJP, 33 (15%) candidates of BSP and 61 (27%) candidates INC are graduates.

In the Rajasthan 2008 Assembly Elections, 382 out of 3179 (12%) candidates were graduates. Among the parties, 46 (20%) candidates of BJP, 45 (20%) candidates of INC, 31 (14%) candidates of BSP and 132 (10%) independent candidates were graduates.

Among the MLAs, 47 out of 230 (20%) MLAs were graduates in Madhya Pradesh Assembly Elections 2008. Among parties, 31 (22%) MLAs of BJP, 13 (18%) MLAs of INC, 1 (14%) MLA of BSP and 1 (33%) MLA of independents were graduates.

Young Candidates (35 years and below): In the Madhya Pradesh 2013 Assembly Elections, 18 (8%) candidates of BJP, 55 candidates of BSP and 26 (11%) candidates INC are young.

In the 2008 Election, 851 out 3179 (27%) candidates were young. Among parties, 12 (5%) candidates of BJP, 23 (10%) candidates of INC, 47 (21%) candidates of BSP and 482 (37%) independent candidates were young.

Among the MLAs, 17 out of 230 (7%) MLAs were young. Among parties, 8 MLAs of BJP, 7 MLAs of INC and 1 MLA of BSP and BJSH each were young.

Contesting Women: In the 2013 Assembly Elections, 27 (12%) candidates of BJP, 23 (10%) candidates of BSP and 23 (10%) candidates of INC are women.

In the Madhya Pradesh 2008 Assembly Elections, 226 out 3179 (7%) candidates were women.  Among the parties, 29 (13%) candidates from INC, 23 (10%) candidates from BJP, 13 (6%) candidates of BSP were women.

Among the winners of 2008 election, 25 out of 230 (11%) were women. Among the parties, 8 (11%) MLAs of INC, 15 (10%) of BJP, 1 (20%) MLA of BJSH were women.

Nitu Maurya is a research fellow at Liberty Institute, New Delhi.

Party Abbreviations: INC – Indian National Congress, BJP – Bhartiya Janata Party, BSP- Bahujan Samaj Party, SP- Samajwadi Party, BJSH- Bharatiya Jan Shakti, IND- Independent

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Table: 4

MP Assembly Elections 2003 and 2008

118 Constituencies retained by parties (BJP-102 and INC-16)

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Agar

X

Chanderi

Indore-3

Mangawan

X

Sagar

X

Alirajpur

X

Chandla

Indore-4

X

Manpur

X

Sailana

X

Alot

Chhatarpur

Indore-5

X

Mauganj

Sanchi

Amarpatan

Chhindwara

Jabalpur Cantt.

X

Mehgaon

Sanwer

Amarwara

Chitrakoot

Jabalpur Paschim

X

Morena

Sarangpur

X

Ambah

X

Chitrangi

Jabalpur Purba

Multai

Sardarpur

Amla

Churai

Jabalpur Uttar

X

Mungaoli

Satna

X

Anuppur

Churhat

X

Jabera

Murwara

X

Saunsar

X

Ashok Nagar

X

Dabra

Jaisinghnagar

X

Nagada-Khachrod

Sehore

X

Ashta

X

Damoh

X

Jaitpur

Nagod

X

Semariya

Ater

Datia

Jaora

Narela

Sendhawa

X

Badnagar

X

Deori

X

Jatara

X

Narsinghgarh

X

Seoni

X

Badnawar

X

Deotalab

X

Jawad

X

Narsingpur

Seoni-Malwa

Badwah

X

Depalpur

Jhabua

Naryoli

X

Sewda

Badwani

X

Devsar

X

Jobat

Neemuch

X

Shahpura

Bagali

X

Dewas

X

Joura

Nepanagar

X

Shajapur

X

Bahoriband

X

Dhar

X

Junnardeo

Niwari

Shamshabad

X

Baihar

X

Dharampuri

Kalapipal

Niwas

X

Sheopur

Balaghat

X

Dhauhani

X

Karera

Panagar

X

Shivpuri

X

Bamori

X

Dimani

X

Kasrawad

Pandhana

X

Shujalpur

X

Banda

Dindori

Katangi

Pandhurna

X

Sidhi

Bandhavgarh

X

Dr. Ambedkar Nagar-Mhow

Keolari

X

Panna

Sihawal

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Constituency

BJP

INC

Barghat

X

Gadarwara

Khandwa

X

Pansemal

Sihora

X

Bargi

X

Gandhwani

Khargapur

Parasia

X

Silwani

Barwara

Garoth

Khargone

X

Paraswada

Singrauli

Basoda

X

Ghatiya

Khategaon

X

Patan

Sirmour

Beohari

X

Ghoradongri

X

Khilchipur

Pathariya

X

Sironj

X

Berasia

X

Gohad

Khurai

Pawai

X

Sohagpur

X

Betul

X

Gotegaon

Kolaras

X

Petlawad

Sonkatch

X

Bhagwanpura

X

Govindpura

X

Kotma

X

Pichhore

X

Sumawali

Bhainsdehi

Guna

Kukshi

X

Pipariya

Surkhi

X

Bhander

X

Gunnaor

Kurwai

X

Pohari

Susner

X

Bhikangaon

X

Gurh

X

Lahar

X

Prithvipur

Suwasra

X

Bhind

Gwalior

Lakhnadon

X

Pushprajgarh

X

Tarana

X

Bhitarwar

Gwalior East

Lanji

X

Raghogarh

X

Tendukheda

Bhojpur

Gwalior Rural

Maharajpur

Raigaon

X

Teonthar

Bhopal Dakshin-Paschim

X

Gwalior South

Maheshwar

Rajgarh

Thandla

Bhopal Madhya

Harda

X

Mahidpur

Rajnagar

Tikamgarh

Bhopal Uttar

X

Harsud

X

Maihar

Rajpur

X

Timarni

Biaora

Hatpipliya

Malhara

Rampur-Baghelan

Udaipura

Bichhiya

Hatta

X

Malhargarh

Ratlam City

Ujjain Dakshin

X

Bijawar

X

Hoshangabad

X

Manasa

Ratlam Rural

Ujjain Uttar

X

Bina

X

Huzur

Manawar

Rau

X

Vidisha

X

Budhni

X

Ichhawar

X

Mandhata

Rehli

X

Vijaypur

X

Burhanpur

Indore-1

X

Mandla

X

Rewa

X

Vijayraghogarh

Chachoura

X

Indore-2

X

Mandsour

X

Sabalgarh

Waraseoni

X

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Table: 5

Assembly Election year

Total candidates

Turnout %

1993

3729

60.52%

1998

2510

60.22%

2003

2171

67.25%

2008

3179

69.28%

Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

Chart: 1Source: www.empoweringIndia.org

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